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系统安全的几点细节

发表于:2022-12-07 作者:安全数据网编辑
编辑最后更新 2022年12月07日,#设定用户90天修改密码,提前7天提醒UserList=$(ls /home/|awk '{print $NF}'|grep -v lost+found)for user in $UserListd
#设定用户90天修改密码,提前7天提醒UserList=$(ls /home/|awk '{print $NF}'|grep -v lost+found)for user in  $UserListdo        chage -M 90 -W 7 $userdone#禁pingecho 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/icmp_echo_ignore_all#设定用户过期时间90默认密码长度8位cp /etc/login.defs /etc/login.defs.baksed -i '/PASS_MIN_LEN/s/[0-9]\{1,6\}/90/' /etc/login.defssed -i '/PASS_MIN_LEN/s/[0-9]\{1,3\}/8/' /etc/login.defs#设定用户登录,普通用户登录识别超过6次锁定300s.echo "account required pam_tally2.so deny=100 no_magic_root reset" >>/etc/pam.d/system-authecho "auth required pam_tally2.so onerr=fail deny=6 unlock_time=300" >>/etc/pam.d/system-auth#隐藏系统版本号mv /etc/issue /etc/isseumv /etc/issue.net  /etc/isseu.netmv /etc/redhat-release /etc/rehdat-release#优化配置参数。echo '# Kernel sysctl configuration file for Red Hat Linux## For binary values, 0 is disabled, 1 is enabled.  See sysctl(8) and# sysctl.conf(5) for more details.# Controls IP packet forwardingnet.ipv4.ip_forward = 0# Controls source route verificationnet.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 1# Do not accept source routingnet.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route = 0# Controls the System Request debugging functionality of the kernelkernel.sysrq = 0# Controls whether core dumps will append the PID to the core filename# Useful for debugging multi-threaded applicationskernel.core_uses_pid = 1# Controls the use of TCP syncookiesnet.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1# Controls the maximum size of a message, in byteskernel.msgmnb = 65536# Controls the default maxmimum size of a mesage queuekernel.msgmax = 65536# Controls the maximum shared segment size, in byteskernel.shmmax = 68719476736# Controls the maximum number of shared memory segments, in pageskernel.shmall = 4294967296# ------------- Kernel Optimization -------------net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 60000net.ipv4.tcp_sack = 1net.ipv4.tcp_window_scaling = 1net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 4096 87380 4194304net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 4096 16384 4194304net.core.wmem_default = 8388608net.core.rmem_default = 8388608net.core.rmem_max = 16777216net.core.wmem_max = 16777216net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 262144net.core.somaxconn = 262144net.ipv4.tcp_max_orphans = 3276800net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 262144net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 0net.ipv4.tcp_synack_retries = 1net.ipv4.tcp_syn_retries = 1net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1net.ipv4.tcp_mem = 94500000 915000000 927000000net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 1net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 30net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65000net.ipv4.ip_conntrack_max = 655360net.ipv4.netfilter.ip_conntrack_max =655360net.ipv4.netfilter.ip_conntrack_tcp_timeout_established = 180 ' >/etc/sysctl.conf#生效sysctl -p#记录histtory日志echo '#history  export HISTTIMEFORMAT="%F %T `whoami` "USER_IP=`who -u am i 2>/dev/null| awk '{print $NF}'|sed -e 's/[()]//g'`HISTDIR=/usr/local/bin/.history if [ -z $USER_IP ]  then USER_IP=`hostname`  fi if [ ! -d $HISTDIR ]  then mkdir -p $HISTDIR  chmod 777 $HISTDIR  fi if [ ! -d $HISTDIR/${LOGNAME} ]  then mkdir -p $HISTDIR/${LOGNAME}  chmod 300 $HISTDIR/${LOGNAME}  fi export HISTSIZE=4000  DT=`date +%Y%m%d_%H%M%S`  export HISTFILE="$HISTDIR/${LOGNAME}/${USER_IP}.history.$DT"chmod 600 $HISTDIR/${LOGNAME}/*.history* 2>/dev/null '>>/etc/profile#安全登录/etc/hosts.allow## hosts.allow   This file describes the names of the hosts which are#               allowed to use the local INET services, as decided#               by the '/usr/sbin/tcpd' server.###***sshd:111.1.1.1sshd:122.1.1.2##jumpsshd:10.0.1.1/etc/hosts.deny## hosts.deny    This file describes the names of the hosts which are#               *not* allowed to use the local INET services, as decided#               by the '/usr/sbin/tcpd' server.## The portmap line is redundant, but it is left to remind you that# the new secure portmap uses hosts.deny and hosts.allow.  In particular# you should know that NFS uses portmap!sshd:all#检查防火墙配置(开放指定用户地址登录|服务地址开放用户地址段)iptables-save#创建普通用户useradd liangxiujunecho -e 'xx123456'|passwd liangxiujun --stdin#禁止root登录权限sed -i 's/#PermitRootLogin yes/PermitRootLogin no/g' /etc/ssh/sshd_config#优化ssh链接慢问题sed -i 's/GSSAPIAuthentication yes/GSSAPIAuthentication no/' /etc/ssh/sshd_configsed -i '/#UseDNS yes/a\UseDNS no' /etc/ssh/sshd_config/etc/init.d/sshd restart
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