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Linux系统下为Nginx安装多版本PHP

发表于:2022-12-09 作者:安全数据网编辑
编辑最后更新 2022年12月09日,我们在安装配置服务器LNPM环境时应该考虑到PHP多版本并存的问题,下面是实现Linux系统下为Nginx安装多版本PHP的实现方法linux版本:64位CentOS 6.4Nginx版本:nginx

我们在安装配置服务器LNPM环境时应该考虑到PHP多版本并存的问题,下面是实现Linux系统下为Nginx安装多版本PHP的实现方法

linux版本:64位CentOS 6.4

Nginx版本:nginx1.8.0

php版本:php5.5.28 & php5.4.44

注意假如php5.5是主版本已经安装在/usr/local/php目录下,那么再安装其他版本的php再指定不同安装目录即可。

安装PHP

# wget http://cn2.php.net/get/php-5.4.44.tar.gz/from/this/mirror# tar zxvf php-5.4.44.tar.gz# cd php-5.4.44#./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php5.4.44 \--with-curl \--with-freetype-dir \--with-gd \--with-gettext \--with-iconv-dir \--with-kerberos \--with-libdir=lib64 \--with-libxml-dir \--with-mysql \--with-mysqli \--with-openssl \--with-pcre-regex \--with-pdo-mysql \--with-pdo-sqlite \--with-pear \--with-png-dir \--with-xmlrpc \--with-xsl \--with-zlib \--enable-fpm \--enable-bcmath \--enable-libxml \--enable-inline-optimization \--enable-gd-native-ttf \--enable-mbregex \--enable-mbstring \--enable-pcntl \--enable-shmop \--enable-soap \--enable-sockets \--enable-sysvsem \--enable-xml \--enable-zip# make && make install# cp -R ./sapi/fpm/php-fpm.conf /usr/local/php5.4.44/etc/php-fpm.conf# cp php.ini-development /usr/local/php5.4.44/lib/php.ini# cp -R ./sapi/fpm/php-fpm /etc/init.d/php-fpm5.4.44

修改php-fpm.conf的侦听端口为9001,因为主版本5.5.28是侦听9000。

; Note: This value is mandatory.listen = 127.0.0.1:9001

启动php-fpm

# /etc/init.d/php-fpm5.4.44

php安装成功查看进程

#ps aux|grep php

这样就已经起好php-fpm了。

配置Nginx

增加一段新的端口8054的配置并指向到9001以及指定目录即可:

server {    listen    8054;    server_name localhost;    location / {      #root  html;root /usr/www5.4.44;      index index.html index.htm;    }    error_page  500 502 503 504 /50x.html;    location = /50x.html {      root  html;    }location ~ \.php$ {root html;fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9001;fastcgi_index index.php;include fastcgi_params;fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /usr/www5.4.44$fastcgi_script_name;}   }

nginx的配置文件nginx.conf在

# cd /usr/local/nginx/conf

完整的nginx配置如下:

#user nobody;worker_processes 4; #error_log logs/error.log;#error_log logs/error.log notice;#error_log logs/error.log info; #pid    logs/nginx.pid;  events {  worker_connections 1024;}  http {  include    mime.types;  default_type application/octet-stream;   #log_format main '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '  #         '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '  #         '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';   #access_log logs/access.log main;   sendfile    on;  #tcp_nopush   on;   #keepalive_timeout 0;  keepalive_timeout 65;   #gzip on;   server {    listen    80;    server_name localhost;     #charset koi8-r;     #access_log logs/host.access.log main;     location / {      #root  html;                        root /usr/www;      index index.html index.htm;    }     #error_page 404       /404.html;     # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html    #    error_page  500 502 503 504 /50x.html;    location = /50x.html {      root  html;    }     # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80    #    #location ~ \.php$ {    #  proxy_pass  http://127.0.0.1;    #}     # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000    #    #location ~ \.php$ {    #  root      html;    #  fastcgi_pass  127.0.0.1:9000;    #  fastcgi_index index.php;    #  fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;    #  include    fastcgi_params;    #}                 location ~ \.php$ {                root html;                fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;                fastcgi_index index.php;                include fastcgi_params;                fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /usr/www$fastcgi_script_name;                }     # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root    # concurs with nginx's one    #    #location ~ /\.ht {    #  deny all;    #}  }                server {    listen    8054;    server_name localhost;     location / {      #root  html;                        root /usr/www5.4.44;      index index.html index.htm;    }     error_page  500 502 503 504 /50x.html;    location = /50x.html {      root  html;    }                 location ~ \.php$ {                root html;                fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9001;                fastcgi_index index.php;                include fastcgi_params;                fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /usr/www5.4.44$fastcgi_script_name;                }   }            # another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration  #  #server {  #  listen    8000;  #  listen    somename:8080;  #  server_name somename alias another.alias;   #  location / {  #    root  html;  #    index index.html index.htm;  #  }  #}    # HTTPS server  #  #server {  #  listen    443 ssl;  #  server_name localhost;   #  ssl_certificate   cert.pem;  #  ssl_certificate_key cert.key;   #  ssl_session_cache  shared:SSL:1m;  #  ssl_session_timeout 5m;   #  ssl_ciphers HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;  #  ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;   #  location / {  #    root  html;  #    index index.html index.htm;  #  }  #} }

重启nginx

# /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload

注意需要防火墙增加新端口的开启,不然无法访问:

防火墙配置

注意如果你希望在本地机器例如xp访问虚拟机的网页,如果是centos6需要修改防火墙启动80端口

# cd /etc/sysconfig

修改iptables文件,或者直接用vim编辑

# vim /etc/sysconfig/iptables

添加下面一行,打开防火墙80端口:

-A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 8054 -j ACCEPT

重启防火墙

# /etc/init.d/iptables restart

测试是否成功,查看phpinfo()

以上即是Linux系统下为Nginx安装多版本PHP的方法,希望对大家有用

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