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Nginx设置成服务并开机自动启动

发表于:2022-11-27 作者:安全数据网编辑
编辑最后更新 2022年11月27日,我linuxnginx文件:nginx="/application/nginx/sbin/nginx"NGINX_CONF_FILE="/application/nginx/conf/nginx.co

我linuxnginx文件:
nginx="/application/nginx/sbin/nginx"
NGINX_CONF_FILE="/application/nginx/conf/nginx.conf"

在/etc/init.d下创建文件nginx

[root@localhost ~]# vim /etc/init.d/nginx
其内容参考nginx官方文档

需要注意的配置:

nginx="/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx" //修改成nginx执行程序的路径。NGINX_CONF_FILE="/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf" //修改成nginx.conf文件的路径。
保存后设置文件的执行权限

[root@localhost ~]# chmod a+x /etc/init.d/nginx
至此就可以通过下面指令控制启动停止

/etc/init.d/nginx start
/etc/init.d/nginx stop
上面的方法完成了用脚本管理nginx服务的功能,但是还是不太方便。

先将nginx服务加入chkconfig管理列表:

[root@localhost ~]# chkconfig --add /etc/init.d/nginx
[root@guojincheng init.d]# chkconfig --list | grep nginx
nginx 0:off 1:off 2:off 3:off 4:off 5:off 6:off
[root@guojincheng init.d]# chkconfig nginx --level 3 on
[root@guojincheng init.d]# chkconfig --list | grep nginx
nginx 0:off 1:off 2:off 3:on 4:off 5:off 6:off
加完这个之后,就可以使用service对nginx进行启动,重启等操作了。

service nginx start
service nginx stop
service nginx restart
最后设置开机自动启动

[root@localhost ~]# chkconfig nginx on

nginx官方文档:

#!/bin/sh## nginx - this script starts and stops the nginx daemon## chkconfig: - 85 15# description: NGINX is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse # proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server# processname: nginx# config: /etc/nginx/nginx.conf# config: /etc/sysconfig/nginx# pidfile: /var/run/nginx.pid# Source function library.. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions# Source networking configuration.. /etc/sysconfig/network# Check that networking is up.[ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0nginx="/usr/sbin/nginx"prog=$(basename $nginx)NGINX_CONF_FILE="/etc/nginx/nginx.conf"[ -f /etc/sysconfig/nginx ] && . /etc/sysconfig/nginxlockfile=/var/lock/subsys/nginxmake_dirs() { # make required directories user=$nginx -V 2>&1 | grep "configure arguments:.*--user=" | sed 's/[^*]*--user=\([^ ]*\).*/\1/g' - if [ -n "$user" ]; then if [ -z "grep $user /etc/passwd" ]; then useradd -M -s /bin/nologin $user fi options=$nginx -V 2>&1 | grep 'configure arguments:' for opt in $options; do if [ echo $opt | grep '.*-temp-path' ]; then value=echo $opt | cut -d "=" -f 2 if [ ! -d "$value" ]; then # echo "creating" $value mkdir -p $value && chown -R $user $value fi fi done fi}start() { [ -x $nginx ] || exit 5 [ -f $NGINX_CONF_FILE ] || exit 6 make_dirs echo -n $"Starting $prog: " daemon $nginx -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE retval=$? echo [ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile return $retval}stop() { echo -n $"Stopping $prog: " killproc $prog -QUIT retval=$? echo [ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile return $retval}restart() { configtest || return $? stop sleep 1 start}reload() { configtest || return $? echo -n $"Reloading $prog: " killproc $prog -HUP retval=$? echo}force_reload() { restart}configtest() { $nginx -t -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE}rh_status() { status $prog}rh_status_q() { rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1}case "$1" in start) rh_status_q && exit 0 $1 ;; stop) rh_status_q || exit 0 $1 ;; restart|configtest) $1 ;; reload) rh_status_q || exit 7 $1 ;; force-reload) force_reload ;; status) rh_status ;; condrestart|try-restart) rh_status_q || exit 0 ;; *) echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload|configtest}" exit 2esac

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